A colposcopy is a procedure that checks for signs of cancer of the cervix, vagina, and vulva. You may need one if your Pap or HPV (human papillomavirus) test results are not normal.
A colposcope is a lighted magnifying instrument. With it, your medical provider can get a close look at your cervix. If any area looks abnormal, a tissue sample is taken. This is called a biopsy. The sample is then sent to a lab for testing. If the biopsy shows precancer cells, there are minor treatments that are done to prevent cancer. If the biopsy shows cancer, you will be referred to a cancer specialist for treatment.
Talk with your medical provider if you have had abnormal Pap or HPV test results.
If you have an abnormal pap test, get a colposcopy to put your mind at rest